Topkapı is a neighborhood adjacent to the Theodosian Walls built in the 5th Century AC. After the walls became redundant, the moats were filled eventually with soil and used as farmland. In the 1950’s rapid expansion of the city, the area transformed into a more urban setting, with the rapid keeping the moats as market gardens. Today, Topkapı is one of the major transfer hubs in Istanbul with several public transportation routes intersecting. There are many public buildings being built or planned for construction, taking advantage of high accessibility from the city. The ratio of green area to the total area of Istanbul city is relatively low considering other similar cities. In addition to keeping what is available, Istanbul needs more green spaces. Moreover, the public awareness over this issue has raised considerably in the past years. All these aspects make the process more challenging. Instead of working in given borders, a holistic approach was required, in order to respond to the whole context.
Major functions like performing arts centre and venues were designed as a whole within the park landscape and its elements. With regard to this strategy, specific incisions were made on the landscape and the green surface has been lifted in order to create space for these functions in a more seamless manner. As a result, the land reclaims the space that the construction would take away otherwise. Also, two branches of pedestrian paths were extended over the E-5 motorway, so that the division by the motorway could be unified. All this transformation were shaped by current pedestrian routes between the commuter lines. The program includes; a Performing Arts Centre with 5000 seats capacity and an operable roof, venue space with indoor/outdoor areas, meeting rooms, exhibition spaces and a cafe, all with the view to the city walls.